Download PDF by Gavin Menzies: 1421: The Year China Discovered America

By Gavin Menzies

ISBN-10: 0061564893

ISBN-13: 9780061564895

On March eight, 1421, the biggest fleet the area had ever obvious set sail from China to "proceed the entire option to the ends of the earth to assemble tribute from the barbarians past the seas." while the fleet back domestic in October 1423, the emperor had fallen, leaving China in political and financial chaos. the good ships have been left to rot at their moorings and the files in their trips have been destroyed. misplaced within the lengthy, self-imposed isolation that was once the data that chinese language ships had reached the USA seventy years ahead of Columbus and had circumnavigated the globe a century ahead of Magellan. and so they colonized the USA sooner than the Europeans, transplanting the central financial plants that experience because fed and clothed the area.

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Extra info for 1421: The Year China Discovered America

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Of course, by this time there were many in the West arguing in favour of religious toleration, and Western civilization was moving far more rapidly towards greater liberality of thought and recognition of a right to dissent than was China. Still, the contrast between Louis XIV and the Kangxi emperor is a warning against generalizing too glibly. By the end of his long reign, however, the emperor had just about had enough of these Christian missionaries, much as he had respected and Coming Together, Rather Slowly and on China's Terms 41 enjoyed contact with some of them.

The contrast, though real, is less clear cut, the impact of geography less decisive in creating it, than Fitzgerald's presentation suggests. To look at the European case first, although a good many of the national units into which that region became divided seem natural, that is to say dictated by mountains, coastlines and major rivers, this is to a considerable extent illusory. Historically Europe's political frontiers have by no means matched the `natural', and still do not, even where these seem very obvious.

N. Pearson in their introduction to a 1979 collection of essays on aspects of the European presence in Asia entitled, very differently 29 30 The West and China since 1500 from Pannikar's book, The Age of Partnership: Europeans in Asia before Dominion. They wrote: in broad terms the degree of European influence is best depicted by a curve which rises slowly (the sixteenth century), then declining a little (the seventeenth century) then rises again, but slowly (the eighteenth century) and finally rises increasingly steeply (the 19th century).

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1421: The Year China Discovered America by Gavin Menzies

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