Barnabas Gikonyo's Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants PDF

By Barnabas Gikonyo

ISBN-10: 1482232766

ISBN-13: 9781482232769

ISBN-10: 1926895959

ISBN-13: 9781926895956

Due to their excessive development cost, algae, microalgae, and aquatic vegetation have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel construction. Advances in Biofuel creation: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel construction and bioengineering and considers from a world context the evolving techniques of algal biofuel construction. The publication seems to be at how biomass, in particular sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are specific first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the construction of gas. The feasibility of such initiatives, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel creation are presented.

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47. ; Gedanken, A. Bio-diesel production directly from the microalgae biomass of Nannochloropsis by microwave and ultrasound radiation. Bioresour. Technol. 2011, 102, 4265–4269. 48. ; Wen, Z. Production of biodiesel fuel from the microalga Schizochytrium limacinum by direct transesterification of algal biomass. Energy Fuels 2009, 23, 5179–5183. Current Status and Prospects of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae 19 49. ; Diaz, L. Recent developments on heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production by oil esterification and transesterification reactions: A review.

Sep. Purif. Technol. 2006, 50, 324–329. ; Noworyta, A. Evaluation of Spirulina sp. growth in photoautotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 2004, 34, 461–465. J. Placing microalgae on the biofuels priority list: A review of the technological challenges. J. R. Soc. Interface 2010, 7, 703–726. Chen, F. High cell density culture of microalgae in heterotrophic growth. Trends Biotechnol. 1996, 14, 421–426. Y. Large-scale biodiesel production from microalga Chlorella protothecoides through heterotrophic cultivation in bioreactors.

340 mg/L and BOD ca. 310 mg/L, a considerable reduction to levels ca. 60 mg/L TSS and below 20mg/L BOD was reported. Additionally phosphate was reduced to very low levels and around 10–40 mg/L ammonia remained. This resulted in low levels of organic contamination which allowed the use of the treated wastewater for irrigation, and the residual nutrients provided a source of fertiliser as an added value. Sustainable Fuel from Algae: Challenges and New Directions 25 In the 1980’s the concept of growing algae was further developed however the focus turned to utilising the biomass for fuel production due to the energy crisis in the United States at the time.

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Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo

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