By Jarita Holbrook, R. Thebe Medupe, Johnson O. Urama
Astronomy is the technological know-how of learning the sky utilizing telescopes and lightweight creditors resembling photographic plates or CCD detectors. notwithstanding, humans have consistently studied the sky and proceed to review the sky with out assistance from tools this is often the world of cultural astronomy. this is often the 1st scholarly number of articles interested in the cultural astronomy of Africans. It weaves jointly astronomy, anthropology, and Africa. the amount contains African myths and legends in regards to the sky, alignments to celestial our bodies stumbled on at archaeological websites and at locations of worship, rock paintings with celestial imagery, and clinical pondering published in neighborhood astronomy traditions together with ethnomathematics and the construction of calendars. Authors comprise astronomers Kim Malville, Johnson Urama, and Thebe Medupe; archaeologist Felix Chami, and geographer Michael Bonine, and lots of new authors. As an rising subfield of cultural astronomy, African cultural astronomy researchers are thinking about education scholars particularly for doing learn in Africa. the 1st a part of the quantity comprises classes and workouts to aid the start pupil of African cultural astronomy. integrated are workouts in archaeoastronomy, cultural anthropology, and naked-eye astronomy penned via authors who use those frequently use those equipment for his or her learn. This choice of classes and examine papers presents a beginning for the cultural astronomy researcher attracted to doing paintings in Africa.
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A perpendicular to that line established north-south. This technique relies on the almost perfect symmetry of the sun’s motion across the sky around the north-south line, which is known as the local meridian. The symmetry is perfect at the solstices when the declination of the sun does not change between morning and evening. The broken symmetry becomes greatest at equinox when the sun is changing its declination most rapidly, but even then the effect is small. In their attempt to achieve absolute perfection in constructing Hindu temples, the architects of ancient India developed several methods for correcting for the broken symmetry, which are discussed in the Appendix.
You may observe a certain particular culture activity but because of your own cultural background, you begin to make value judgments on the cultural practices. You have to report it the way the people say they do it, rather than have your own cultural influences impinge on your study. 24 B. Chukwuezi Selection of Ethnographic Informants According to Blum et al. (1997) who developed Ethnographic Protocol of Food Assessment for the International Union of Nutritional Sciences, the selection of informants is the most important aspect of ethnographic research.
In Ethnographic research involving cultural astronomy, in-depth interview and at times intimate interview is used and that is part of the reason for choosing Key Informants. Key Informants are better disposed for in-depth interview since they are quite knowledgeable in the focus of the research. In-depth interview yields more information than a general survey which picks respondents or informants at random. It is quite necessary in various forms of researches and it is better addressed when the researcher builds intimate relationships with the Key Informants.
African Cultural Astronomy by Jarita Holbrook, R. Thebe Medupe, Johnson O. Urama