By David P. Handlin
The USA has continuously awarded a distinct problem to architects: may still they emulate the previous international or reply to the calls for of the recent? David Handlin tells the complicated tale with lucidity and perception. nearly from its seventeenth-century beginnings, American structure was once topic to 2 it seems that contradictory processesthe useful and the grandiose. the 1st comes via within the vernacular structures of rural the US, the options of Jefferson, Bulfinch's effective civic structures, the workplaces and factories of the commercial Age, and the comfy household culture that lies in the back of the homes of the Greene Brothers and Frank Lloyd Wright. the second one is noticeable within the exceptional bold of the Chicago Schoolgreat engineers like Adler united with nice designers like Sullivan; within the majestic kingdom capitols, exhibition halls, and public structures by means of agencies comparable to McKim, Mead & White; within the luxurious of 5th street mansions; and within the exuberance of industrial Manhattan.The revised variation ends with a full of life account of contemporary developmentsvirtual structure, the revival of old kinds (including modernism), the thirst for remarkable originality, and a brand new curiosity within the neighborhood, with figures together with Stern, Meier, Gehry, and Mockbee. 264 illustrations.
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The eleva tor th en was only in its infancy, but in the next half century, when it forced the issue by making it possible to build above five or six stories, architects began knowingly to cope with this matter. 68, 69 70 71, 72 In an age increasingly dominated by manufa cturing and co mmerce, one of th e primary functions of a building was to advertise the in stitution it hou sed. Thi s fact posed specia l problems for clients and architects. A vivid and memorable image, one which incorporated materials or textures with up-to-date associations, was desirable.
Between i8 25 and 1835 large hotels were built in Baltimore and New York , but the most significant bui lding of this type was in Boston . The Tremont House, designed by Isaiah R ogers in I 827, was probably conceived in res ponse to so me of the shortcomin gs of the Boston Exchange Coffee House, which A sher Benjamin designed in 1809 and which burned down in 1818. T hat building was planned around a domed central space that on the first floor served as an exchange hall for loca l businessmen. Galleries ringed the floors above and gave access to th e hotel 's two hundred rooms.
When the Starrucca Viaduct, a 110-foot-high and 1200-foot-long structure of eighteen stone arches, was completed near Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, by the New York and Erie Railroad in 1848, it was considered one of the great achievements of the age. The Hoosac Tunne l (1851-75) in western Massachusetts was notorious, rather than famous; it took over twenty years and the invention of a new digging technology to complete. Nevertheless, it too was celebrated as a significant achievement. These works may have been classified as civil engineering projects, but parts of all of them, especially major sections in masonry, were designed with architectural intentions in mind.
American Architecture by David P. Handlin